A news website produced by students of A.P. Giannini Middle School
BATTLES IN THE 1780’S: PART 4
BATTLE OF KINGS MOUNTAIN
The Battle of Kings Mountain took place in South Carolina on October 7, 1780. It is an iconic part of the Revolutionary War because it was known as the biggest “All-American Fight” between the Loyalists and the Patriots. The Patriots eventually retreated because they did not want to face Lord Cornwallis’s army. They did, as a matter of fact, capture some of the Loyalists and executed them as prisoners. Soon enough, the Patriots won the battle, and it made the Patriots feel a lot more confident after they had been defeated in many battles before.
BATTLE OF COWPENS
The Battle of Cowpens happened on January 17, 1781. As a matter of fact, it didn’t take place in Cowpens, but a neighboring location, Cherokee County. The British army (lead by Soldier Daniel Morgan) captured much of the South Continental army in South Carolina, and that gave them more confidence. George Washington sent General Greene to command them. Greene split the army in half and sent Tarleton, a British soldier who helped the colonists for many years, to block Morgan’s actions. When Tarleton drew close, Morgan retreated, leaving the Americans in victory.
BATTLE OF YORKTOWN
The Battle of Yorktown (also known as the Siege of Yorktown) happened from September 28 to October 19, 1781. The Americans and the French worked together to gain a victory, and in the end, a victory was what they received. This battle was any regular battle, but it affected many things.
By Ishaan Bhattacharya
Welcome back to the Giannini Politics Update! Today, the topic of discussion is the investigation constructed by special counsel Robert Mueller.
The Special Counsel Investigation, also known as the Mueller investigation, was a United States Law Enforcement Investigation of any attempts by the Russian Government to influence or interfere with the U.S. Presidential Election. The investigation’s purview included the allegation that there was association or coordination between Donald Trump's 2016 presidential campaign and the Russian government, and was led by special counsel Robert Mueller. The general results of the investigation were explained by Attorney General William Barr who told Congress that Mueller's office didn't establish a conspiracy between Trump's campaign and Russian interference in the 2016 election, nor did it establish that Trump obstructed justice according to a summary of the investigation submitted by Barr. He assessed the results of the investigation further and in more detail via a 400-page document written to Congress. Although Barr stated that he detected no interference in the election, in a recent testimony before Congress, Barr said that the U.S. government spied on the Trump campaign, and that he would investigate further violation of any rules. This means that Barr will analyze possible contraventions by American intelligence agencies. Barr has been one of the few people who has had access to the results of the investigation. As a result, knowledge of the general public is based on Barr's summary.
By, Jocelyn Yu
Japan and Korea are located in Asia, one of the biggest continents.
Many people visit Japan for the attractions, anime, manga, and more!
Arashiyama- Arashiyama has a beautiful scenery, and is famous for the cherry blossoms they have in the spring and summer, and the bamboo groves, and boats they have. (Wikipedia)
Kiyomizu-dera- Kiyomizu-dera, officially Otowa-san Kiyomizu-dera, is an independent Buddhist temple in eastern Kyoto. The temple is part of the Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto UNESCO World Heritage site.
Kinkaku-ji- Kinkaku-ji, officially named Rokuon-ji, is a Zen Buddhist temple in Kyoto, Japan. It is one of the most popular buildings in Japan, attracting a large number of visitors annually.
Fushimi Inari Taisha- Fushimi Inari Taisha is the head shrine of the god Inari, located in Fushimi Ward in Kyoto, Japan. The shrine sits at the base of a mountain also named Inari which is 233 metres above sea level.
If you’re thinking of going to Japan, think about going to places and eating the things below!
What to eat in Japan
SOBA (Buckwheat Noodles)
UDON (Thick Japanese Noodles)
TEMPURA (Savories in Tempura, or fried batter)
SUSHI (Rice wrapped in seaweed and other savories)
RAMEN (Japanese Noodles with salty soup and other savories)
CREPES (Fruits wrapped in a sweet pancake)
South Korea inspired me to write this because I am going there for Spring Break!
In South Korea, you MUST GO TO THESE PLACES!!!
Gyeongbokgung Palace-Gyeongbokgung, also known as Gyeongbokgung Palace or Gyeongbok Palace, was the main royal palace of the Joseon dynasty. Built in 1395, it is located in northern Seoul, South Korea.
North Seoul Tower-The N Seoul Tower, officially the YTN Seoul Tower and commonly known as the Namsan Tower or Seoul Tower, is a communication and observation tower located on Namsan Mountain in central Seoul, South Korea. At 236 metres, it marks the second highest point in Seoul.
Myeong-dong-Bustling Myeong-dong is a shopping area packed with international fashion brands, luxury department stores and homegrown cosmetics shops. Casual eateries offer Korean dumplings and ginseng chicken soup, while street vendors sell Japanese and Thai snacks. Shows mixing folk music and drama are staged at Myeongdong Nanta Theatre. Nearby 19th-century Myeong-dong Cathedral features a Gothic-style bell tower. Also selling Seoul’s famous street foods, such as Tanghulu (strawberries covered in sugar, and famous for asmr), octopus tentacles, fried chicken, and many more! Although they’re very unhealthy, you’ll want to visit Myeong-dong!
Bukchon Hanok Village-Bukchon Hanok Village is a Korean traditional village in Seoul with a long history located on the top of a hill between Gyeongbok Palace, Changdeok Palace and Jongmyo Royal Shrine. The traditional village is composed of lots of alleys, hanok and is preserved to show a 600-year-old urban environment.
Insa-Dong-The focal point (in Seoul) of lively Insadong is its pedestrianized main street, which is crammed with teahouses and Korean eateries, plus shops selling traditional goods like pottery, tea and handmade hanji paper. The offbeat Ssamziegil complex has cozy cafes and mural-lined stairwells leading to a roof terrace, while the Hakgojae gallery shows modern art. Leafy Tapgol Park has a massive stone pagoda.
Changdeokgung-Changdeokgung, also known as Changdeokgung Palace or Changdeok Palace, is set within a large park in Jongno-gu, Seoul, South Korea. It is one of the "Five Grand Palaces" built by the kings of the Joseon Dynasty.
Lotte World-Lotte World is a major recreation complex in Seoul, South Korea. It consists of the world's largest indoor theme park, an outdoor amusement park called "Magic Island", an artificial island inside a lake linked by monorail, shopping malls, a luxury hotel, a Korean folk museum, sports facilities, and movie theaters.
Cheonggyecheon-Cheonggyecheon is a 10.9-kilometre-long, modern public recreation space in downtown Seoul, South Korea. The massive urban renewal project is on the site of a stream that flowed before the rapid post-war economic development caused it to be covered by transportation infrastructure.
Namsan-Nam Mountain is a peak, 262 metres high, in the Jung-gu district of south central Seoul, South Korea. Although known as Mongmyeoksan, or 목멱산, in the past, it is now commonly referred to as Mt. Namsan. It offers some hiking, picnic areas and views of downtown Seoul's skyline.
Dongdaemun Market-Dongdaemun Market or Tongdaemun is a large commercial district in Jongno-gu, Seoul, South Korea. With traditional markets and shopping centers, it is a popular shopping and tourist destination that has been designated a 'Special Tourism Zone' since 2002.
Jongmyo Shrine-Jongmyo is a Confucian shrine in Seoul, is dedicated to the perpetuation of memorial services for the deceased kings and queens of the Korean Joseon Dynasty. According to UNESCO, the shrine is the oldest royal Confucian shrine preserved and the ritual ceremonies continue a tradition established in the 14th century.
WHAT TO EAT IN SOUTH KOREA
Ddeokbokki (Korean Spicy Rice Cakes) 떡볶이
Samgyupsal (Grilled Pork Belly BBQ) 삼겹살
Gogigui (Korean BBQ) 고기구이
Samgyetang (Ginseng Chicken Soup) 삼계탕
Patbingsu (Red Bean Shaved Ice) 팥빙수
Juk (Korean Traditional Porridge) 죽
Budae Jjigae (Korean Army Stew) 부대찌
Bibimbap (Korean Mixed Rice) 비빔밥
BATTLES OF 1776-1778: PART 3
BATTLE OF CHARLESTON
The battle of Charleston took place on June 28, 1776 and was a short but important battle. The British attempted the siege of Charleston as a part of an overall strategy to use the major ports of Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina as bases to rally American Loyalists to defeat the Rebellion in the Southern Colonies. A small American force defending Charleston under the command of General Charles Lee successfully repelled a combined British assault force of 2,900 soldiers and seamen under Major General Sir Henry Clinton and Commodore Peter Parker.
BATTLE OF TRENTON
The Battle of Trenton took place on December 26, 1776. George Washington made a plan for the colonists to cross the Delaware river from the 25th-26th of December to gather around the Harrison garrison. The guards had been caught off guard after thinking the Americans were gone because it was Christmas, and the Americans claimed their victory.
BATTLES OF SARATOGA
There were two battles of Saratoga in the Revolutionary War. One took place on September 19, 1777. This Battle was the Freeman’s Farm battle
which ended in the British victory. The other battle was at Bemis Heights and ended in an American victory, because the British had surrendered.
BATTLE OF RHODE ISLAND
The battle of Rhode Island took place on August 29, 1778. The American and French armies combined forces to try to recapture Newport, RI. Charles Henri Hector d'Estaing, the French general commanding at that time and his men withdrew from the operation due to damage sustained by a storm at sea and left the Americans alone to fight the British. John Sullivan, a delegate in the Continental Congress, and the American fleet fought a successful defensive battle on August 29 before his men departed the island which left the British in victory.
By Maya Wakabayashi and Zoe Avent
Food keeps you alive. You may not notice it but food is a big part of the human community. Asia has many unique food choices in different countries. Here are some of the most interesting foods from Asia. Also beware, you may be very grossed out and or surprised at what people eat.
Tuna eyeballs are a unique food in that they are often counted as gross from just looking at them. Many people say this dish tastes like squid.
Thailand-Jing Leed (Cricket)
In Thailand, Jing Leed is one of the most common insect snacks. It is usually seasoned and fried with Thai seasonings and sauces. They are about 1.25 inches to 1.5 inches long.
The fried spider is a delicacy in Cambodia. In fact, the fried spider is a very popular sight for tourists. Many people say the fried spider tastes like fried chicken. Does that make you feel better?
The Beondegi is a popular South Korean street food that is made with the silkworm pupae. It is usually served in paper cups with a toothpick and can also be found in Korean grocery stores sold in a can.
Southeast Asia-Frog Legs
Look closely. What do you see? Chicken wings or frog legs? Well let me tell you these are in fact frog legs. Either fried, grilled, stewed or baked these frog legs are a delicacy in some places including Southeast Asia and China.
China and Korea-Dogs
Dogs are very self explanatory. I know that if you have a dog as a pet, you may be extremely offended. I personally have a dog and just wanted to say that they are not eaten in the USA but they are eaten in China.
This dish is made by boiling a developing bird alive in it’s own shell. I have to say that this is a very rare thing to do and in my own opinion, this would not be on my list of favorite food list.
The Cobra that is about to be eaten is still alive at first but then, the Cobra is opened and the heart is scooped out and placed in a shot glass filled with the Cobra’s own blood. Sad and gross.
Laos-Ant Egg Soup
This dish originated in Laos which is pretty close to Cambodia and Thailand. It is known as one of the world’s weirdest soups. It is a mix of ant heads, snakehead fish, tomatoes and some garnish.
Mongolia-Fermented Horse Milk
This Mongolian drink is a very odd type of
milk. It is made from a Mare’s milk (mother horse) that is fermented (cooked) into a fizzy slightly alcoholic liquid then is poured back into the main container.
By: Lauren Lew
Strawberries are very interesting fruit. One moment you may think you know about strawberries, but how well do we really know them? In this article, you will learn about so many different types of strawberries, and facts. Strawberries are so unique so I was intrigued to learn more!
Types of Strawberries: There are 7 types
BATTLES IN 1775: PART 2
BATTLE OF LEXINGTON AND CONCORD
The Battle of Lexington and Concord took place on April 19, 1775 and started the American Revolutionary War. On the night before the battles, hundreds of British soldiers marched from Boston to Concord. Paul Revere and other riders rode at night warning people that the British were coming, saying, “The regulars are coming!”
At dawn on April 19, 1775 about 700 British troops arrived in Lexington and one of them shouted, “Throw down your arms! Ye villains, ye rebels.” A shot rang out, no one knew which side shot first, so both sides started shooting at each other. The British continued into Concord looking for more troops and burned what little they found, but the fire got out of control. The soldiers on America’s side thought that the fire would burn the whole town, so they hurried to Concord’s North Bridge, but it was blocked by British soldiers. They started shooting and the British fell back. The British retreated back to Boston and the Americans won their first battle.
BATTLE OF FORT TICONDEROGA
The Battle of Fort Ticonderoga happened on May 10, 1775 and was made possible by the Green Mountain Boys, a small military force that was established in the late 1760s. The Green Mountain Boys were led by Ethan Allen and Colonel Benedict Arnold, and together they captured a British garrison. It doesn’t seem like a big event, but it had a fairly large impact. This action prevented communication between different parts of the British Army. It also gave the Continental Army the higher ground that helped them in the invasion of Quebec later on in the year.
BATTLE OF BUNKER HILL
The Battle of Bunker Hill took place on June 17, 1775, while the Revolutionary War had just begun. The colonists had learned that the British were planning to attack them to gain access to Boston Harbor, so they hatched a plan to occupy Bunker Hill and Breed’s Hill, making sure they could build a redoubt to fight back. Unfortunately, though, the British made a series of attacks, and the colonists had run out of ammunition by the third attack, leaving the British in victory.
BATTLE OF QUEBEC
The Battle of Quebec took place on December 31, 1775. This changed a lot and impacted a large amount of the war. They had lost more than 400 men because they were taken prisoner, their general Richard Montgomery was killed, and Benedict Arnold was wounded. After this battle, the British had gotten their victory, and the Americans stopped attacking and planning operations in Canada, making a lasting impact in the war.
By Martin Lew
Supercell, a game creator, added a new amazing action-packed game called Brawl Stars. It officially launched globally on December 12th, 2018. A lot of Supercell’s games that come out are ”killed”. So far, only some games like Clash of Clan, Boom Beach, Hay Day, and Clash Royale have survived to this point. Now Brawl Stars will be joining them in surviving. Many people thought that they might kill the game when it soft launched only in Canada on June 14th 2018.
I think the big update really helped the game have more people playing it. The game now has more room on the map and it looks cooler because it is 3D. The maps are now 4 tiles wider. They also created some new game modes, like Life Leech, to make the game more fun. They also added some more sound effects to some of the Brawlers. They also added some more skins to the game for Shelly, Bull, Nita, Brock, Dynamike, Barley and Penny. They changed some of the character skins to look cooler and make them 3D like Bandita Shelly, Panda Nita, Viking Bull, Golden Barley, and Beach Brock.
There were also some balance changes that happened with the update. The saddest part is what happened to Darryl, a character in Brawl Star. He got a health and damage debuff during the new update. His super, or special move, is his rolling ability and it was shortened as well, so on some heist maps, he can barely roll over the river. Gladly, he is the only character that can charge their super automatically over 20 seconds into the game. This update might help Bull because Darryl used to be better than Bull, but now Darryl isn’t a “tank”.
It was super cool that they added Leon in the game. He is a new legendary in the game along with Crow and Spike. He shoots four leaf blades in an arc with medium range that do more damage when he is closer to the opponent. His super can make him go invisible for 10 seconds, but he is exposed when he does/takes damage. The new balance changes might have “overkilled” him so when he goes in a 4 tile range of the player, he is exposed automatically and there will be an eye icon to show he is visible. Still, he is the most powerful Brawler in the game and he is good or okay at all of the game modes.
Also, there will be a new mythic Brawler, Gene. He is a new Brawler that does 1400 damage. His super launches a magical hand from his lamp that pulls enemies toward him. They will be releasing him in mid-February along with other new skins for Brock, Colt, Darryl, Bull, Poco,and more.
Here are some game modes you can play in: Showdown is a game mode where you and nine other Brawlers will brawl until one Brawler remains. There is poison gas that will keep shrinking the map until there is one Brawler left. In Gem Grab, you and your team will fight another team in a 3v3 to get 10 gem to win. In Heist, you have to defeat the other team’s safe. In Brawl Ball, you have to score 2 times in the enemy’s goal to win. Bounty is where you kill players and get a star. The more stars you have, the more valuable you are to the other team. Boss fight is 1v5 which the boss has 100,000 health points and up. You have to kill the boss in a certain amount of time to win. In Robo Rumble, you try to survive and kill bots. Life Leech is a game mode where your health ticks down while killing players and get a skull. The skull gives max health so you can keep on playing. Watch out for Gene in the upcoming update!
You might be wondering why we chose to write about Greenland and New Zealand. Well, first, we brainstormed. We searched up pictures of interesting places. We came across an article that showed us fairytale-like places. The best ones were Greenland and New Zealand, and from that, this amazing article was born.
The capital of New Zealand is Wellington
This is the history of the name “New Zealand”: Abel Tasman and his crew sailed to the islands in 1642. He called it Staten Landt, after the States General of the Netherlands. In 1645, Dutch cartographers changed the name to “Nova Zeelandia” (Latin) from “Nieuw Zeeland”, after the Dutch province of Zeeland. Then, the name was englished (a synonym for “anglicised”) to “New Zealand” by British captain James Cook more than 100 years after Abel Tasman originally traveled there.
By Ishaan Bhattacharya
Welcome back to the Giannini Politics Update. Today we will be discussing the passage of a renewable energy bill in New Mexico.
Recently the New Mexico House of Representatives passed The Energy Transition Act on March 11th, 2019, forwarding the carbon-free electricity bill to Governor Michelle Lujan Grisham. The Governor has endorsed the ETA and has supported the share of renewable energy a multitude of times. Once signed, the legislature will ensure the state to attain zero-carbon electricity from public utilities by 2045. The bill also ensures temporary renewable energy targets of 50 percent by 2030 and 80 percent by 2040. California, as well as Washington D.C. and Hawaii have already committed to eradicate carbon emissions from their grids.
The Giannini Beacon Gazette is a news site created by the Journalism Club students of A.P. Giannini Middle School and sponsored by Sunset Neighborhood Beacon Center (SNBC).