A news website produced by students of A.P. Giannini Middle School
By Eva Ciobanu
Waste is a problem, and has been for a long time. Most people don’t think about the impact of littering, not composting, and using plastic when they do these things, but it’s important to inform people so that we can change our ways.
Composting reduces carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases.Landfill waste produces a lot of carbon dioxide and methane Recycling does make some pollution, but it reduces more landfill waste, which causes the most pollution.
Even though these figures are from a 2011 study, it’s crazy to think about how much waste we as a nation produce each day.
If you’re about to throw something away, think about how long it might remain on this Earth before it’s fully decomposed. For example: a paper towel, 2-4 weeks; a cotton shirt, 2-5 months; cigarette filler, 1-5 years; a plastic bag, 10-20 years; plastic foam, 50 years. Those seem like short amounts of time, but there are more things that take so long to decompose, they’ll outlive you, such as: an aluminum can, 80-200 years; disposable diaper, 450 years; and a glass bottle, 1 Million years.
Some of these things can be recycled, and turned into something else such as cardboard boxes, bike parts, even your cat’s litter. This does produce some level of pollution, but creating these things produces more pollution, and leaving them in the landfill is the worst thing you could do.
So if you have a compost bin, please use it. Composting is an essential part of our ecosystem and future. What can be reused is sent to a composting plant and turned into soil for your garden.
In The Los Angeles Times, an article called “The world's trash crisis, and why many Americans are oblivious” states how a program called WasteZero promotes waste reduction by charging a set fee in cash for every bag that is brought to one of the drop-off locations. “The program has resulted in an average waste reduction of 44% and often doubles recycling rates, according to WasteZero’s statistics,” (2019 LA Times). Even though the recycling, compost, and garbage is treated the same as other waste plants -most is reused and the rest is sent to a landfill- WasteZero encourages others to get involved in helping solve the trash crisis.
In conclusion, use your compost and recycling bins, reduce plastics usage by using paper bags, reusable straws, etc; and lastly, keep yourself up to date, make sure you know what’s happening at your trash dump. Don’t let it go, there is a crisis, and we need to do something about it before it’s too late.
By Anya Sleeper Sheppard
1. What color are your brains?a. Pink, duuuuuhh.
b. Um, idk I’m not a brain scientist.
c. I don’t have any, so I’m not sure.
2. What’s your IQ?a. Like, 100,000,000 probably lol.
b. Um, I haven’t taken an IQ test before.
c. What does IQ stand for, Insight for Quirkiness?
3. Do you study for school?a. Ya, like every day, who doesn’t?
b. Well, I try, but I’m pretty busy.
c. *gasp* Of course not, who do you think I am, a nerd???
4. How many sides does an octagon have?a. Oct means 8, so obviously 8!
b. Um, I think either 6 or 8, I forgot.
c. Is an octagon a flavor of ice cream, because I want some.
5. How old are you?a. Well, I’m almost a teen, but I’m probably as smart as an adult.
b. Last time I checked I was a kid.
c. Um, I forgot, I think like 2?
6. Do you have all As?a. Well, of course!!! If I ever got a B I would die.
b. I think mostly Bs, but I’m pretty sure I have at least two As.
c. Noooooooo way. I have one F, three Ds, two Cs, and one B. The B is in P.E.
7. Do you think you scored stupid or smart on this quiz?
a. Definitely smart. I got everything right!!
b. Um, idk, like average?
c. I really don’t care, I was just bored.
All As: You are the dumbest person ever. You think you are so smart, but you’re not.
All Bs: You are average. You know your own skills, and don’t brag about your cleverness.
All Cs: You are really smart. ;)
By Ishaan Bhattacharya
Welcome back to the Giannini Politics Update. Today, the first topic of discussion is Prime Minister Theresa May of Britain’s recent victorious vote in Parliament. This vote was crucial to her intentions of leaving the European Union, and had the contingency to subvert them. Then, we will review President Donald Trump’s 2019 State of The Union address.
In a recent Parliamentary vote, Members of Parliament (MPs) rejected a proposal to delay the United Kingdom’s (UK) departure from the European Union (EU), in order to prevent the UK from leaving without a deal. This amendment, proposed by Labour MP Yvette Cooper, was abruptly rejected by 23 votes. Members of Parliament voted 321 to 298 to deny Cooper’s proposition. Consequently, Brexit will continue and proceed on March 29, 2019.
In President Donald Trump’s annual State of the Union address, he projected his views and objectives in a remorseless and somewhat contumacious speech. Trump proposed his idea of a unified nation that does not consist of two parties, but rather is undivided. Trump also aroused new tensions with Democrats by showing a ruthless stubbornness over reasonable compromise for his border wall. This is a subject that threatens a second government shutdown. Trump also praised a multitude of recent successes in the country, including the increase of jobs and women in Congress, which did please the Democrats.
By Ishaan Bhattacharya
Welcome to the latest edition of the Giannini Politics Update. Today, the topics of discussion are Facebook’s undignified decision to share the data of over 2 billion users with some of the world’s biggest tech firms and the recent government shutdown.
The federal government declared a partial government shutdown in December of 2018 due to President Trump’s demand for $5.7 billion in taxpayer money to proceed with construction of the southern border wall. This decision impacts the lives of 800,000 federal workers many of whom will not receive paychecks. Despite his numerous claims of Mexico paying for it, Donald Trump’s wall still remains without funding. Controversy over what stands in the way of a resolution, a divided Congress, has been expressed a multitude of times. Negotiations between congressional leaders and the White House are at a virtual impasse, despite multiple tense meetings. This sparks possibility of an economic recession, because of the shutdown’s effects on the economy.
According to a recent report by the New York Times, Facebook has exposed more users’ data than previously thought. In a deal that caused them to gain more users, Facebook shared data with over 150 companies from Amazon to Netflix. This abrupt report on Facebook’s state of public trust changes everything because of the fact that Facebook previously admitted to having shared the data of less users than what has been discovered. Participants in the deal were able to add new features to their products while effectively avoiding Facebook's usual privacy rules. Although many of the partnerships ended years ago, the perks of this deal were an interference with users’ privacy, such as the ability to read their private messages. This information was revealed a short time after data firm Cambridge Analytica obtained the data of over 87 million users without their awareness. This discovery was soon followed by 30 million users’ email addresses and phone numbers. This sudden revelation brings up a questionable future for Facebook.
By Ishaan Bhattacharya
Welcome back to the Giannini Politics Update. Today we will be discussing U.S. President Donald Trump's recent trade deal with President Xi Jinping of China..
The U.S. and China have been locked in a trade war for the past year, and communique in the words of Trump a new “incredible” trade deal between the two nations may benefit the U.S. economy. Trump turned to Twitter to report the effects of the deal, one of which is to “reduce and remove” tariffs on U.S. automobiles. At a meeting in Buenos Aires, Mr. Trump agreed not to boost tariffs on $200 billion of Chinese goods from 10% to 25% on 1 January. The U.S. also claims that China agreed to purchase a substantial amount of several U.S. goods varying from agricultural to industrial products to reduce the trade imbalance between the two countries.
The news of the trade deal is predicted to spark beneficial results for both countries involved with the deal. On the contrary, a cyberattack on the Marriott Hotel chain that contained data of roughly half a million guests was recently reported and traced to Chinese hackers. Politicians such as Mike Pompeo, Secretary of State agreed with the blame facing China. The hackers are reportedly working for the Ministry of State Security, China’s civilian spy agency. This does not show definite resolution of the bumpy relationship between the U.S. and China.
By Joshua Hong
A lot of people think they know a lot about celebrities. This is a quiz to prove you right or wrong. With a series of questions testing you on unusual facts about these famous bunch, this will make you laugh at these funny facts. The link is below. Please note that you can only submit this form once so you will have to sign into Gmail account to do this.
This is the link.
By: Lauren Lew & Beatrice Sixt
Recently, the students of A.P. Giannini voted for this year’s student council and senate. In the student council meetings, we mainly discuss what our top priority is, whether it’s an event or what we want to change. Currently, we’re talking about the ways we can make the school better, such as ways of communication and fundraisers. The Student Council meets every Tuesday, and the Senate meets every Thursday, 2-3 times a week. (3 if you are participating in SQUAD week) If you are interested in a position, then you can talk to Ms. J in room 202.
Here are the elected candidates:
6th grade :
President and Vice President: Karina Louie and Lauren Lew
Shadow President and Vice President: Beatrice Sixt and Lauren Lew
President and Vice President: Kai Yeung and Dina Frenkel
Shadow President and Vice: Coco Conner and Violet Maddox
President and Vice President: Nico Schwegler and Jonathan Nguyen
Shadow President and Vice: Lam Tran and Madlen Koteva
8 Chosen by Representatives
8 Chosen by Popular Votes
Congratulations to the winners!
By Beatrice Sixt
Billie O’Connell, also known as Billie Eilish (Eilish is one of her middle names), is a sixteen-year-old alternative pop songwriter and artist. She is currently going on her third tour, called the 1 by 1 tour, to places like San Francisco, Seattle, New York, and Chicago on the map. Billie also recently performed at Camp Flog Gnaw, a music festival in LA. But it wasn’t always that way.
She was born in Highland Park, Los Angeles to a family of musicians. In a video interview, she said that she was a dancer and made her own music videos to songs she liked. Her first video on her Youtube channel was a dance video where she did aero arts (which her mom used to teach). Unfortunately, she had an accident which caused her to stop dancing, (I think in an interview with Nardwuar she said that she tore the muscle in her hip from the bone, but don’t quote me on that) and said in an interview that if she never did music, she wouldn’t know where she’d be. Billie works closely with her family. Her brother, Finneas, co-writes and produces her music. She released her breakout hit ocean eyes in 2016 on Soundcloud. After that, she released another song, Six Feet Under, on November 18, later that year. In early 2017, she released an EP with four remixes of ocean eyes. In August of 2017, she released her EP, Don’t Smile At Me. It had 9 songs on it:
It was well received. The 6th song, bellyache, is her second most viewed video on her Youtube channel. She’s also put out some singles lately: a holiday song for an Apple Music commercial called come out and play, a more angsty song called You Should See Me In A Crown, and one of her most popular songs, when the partys over, which has blown up, getting spot #1 on the Youtube trending page. They all are well loved, with You Should See Me In A Crown getting minor criticism for not being her typical sound.
I think Billie is very talented for someone so young. I look forward to seeing what else she does.
You can find her music here:
By Eva Ciobanu and Anya Sleeper Sheppard
A brief history of ice cream:
The ice cream that we know today was once known as "Cream Ice”. Originally, Roman emperor, Nero Claudius Caesar (ruled from 54-68 CE), sent runners into the mountains for snow, which he then flavored with honey, nuts, and fruit toppings. In 1553, France was introduced to similar frozen desserts. But it wasn’t until 1660 that ice cream was made available to the general public and appeared regularly at the table of Charles I during the 17th century.
The Ice Cream Quiz
1. Your best friend has a problem: they need your help to finish an essay that is due tomorrow. But you had already planned to go watch a movie with your mom. Do you help or do you refuse?
a. You paste on a smile and say, “Of course I’ll help you! I wasn’t planning to do anything today anyway!’
b. You say, “Ya, I’ll help you, but only for an hour because I’m seeing a movie with my mom later.”
c. “Why didn’t you do it earlier? You’re always procrastinating. I always do the work the day it’s assigned.”
d. “Ya, sure I’ll help you!” you say, forgetting your previous plans.
e. “Sorry, I can’t. I’m going to see a movie with my mom and I would feel really bad if I didn’t go.”
f. “Of course I’ll help you, let me make some flashcards for you!”
2. On the way to your next class, you spot a fight between two students you recognize. What do you do?
a. You pull out your phone and start recording it while yelling “OMG, I’m sister shook guys!”
b. You run to the nearest teacher to get help.
c. “Teacher! They’re fighting! I would never do such a thing, in fact, I was just doing my extra credit!”
d. You immediately run into the middle of the fight and try to separate the students.
e. You yell at them and watch from the sidelines.
f. You throw your shoes at them to try and get them to stop.
3. You got a D on your last math test but since it’s the end of the year you can’t make it up. How do you react?
a. “That’s ok, at least I didn’t get an F. Besides, that test was hard!”
b. “Come on! My parents are going to be so mad!”
c. “There’s no way I got a D, I have straight A’s, this must be a mistake!”
d. You start to cry and run out of the room.
e. “OMG I can’t believe you gave me a D!” you yell to the teacher.
f. You ask the teacher, “If I help you out with the class and do extra credit, do you think you could raise my grade?”
4. You find a wallet with $100 in it. There is also a name on it, but no contact info. What do you do?
a. You say “Omg I feel so bad for them! But there is no info so I guess I have to keep it.”
b. You bring it to the main office with hopes of the owner finding it.
c. “They should keep track of their stuff better,” you think, leaving it on the ground.
d. Without missing a beat, you stuff it into your pocket and walk away.
e. You want to keep it really badly but you fight the urge and bring it to the main office.
f. You make flyers for the missing wallet and put your number, so the owner can call you.
5. You can only invite three people to your birthday party due to it being at an amusement park, who do you invite?
a. You don’t want to make anyone feel excluded, so you invite some friends from summer camp.
b. You invite your best friends and hope no one feels bad.
c. You invite some friends from the debate team.
d. You only invite people you know will bring good gifts.
e. You invite only your best friends, and don’t care if people feel excluded: ‘It’s your birthday!’
f. You invite some friends that are excluded often, hoping to make feel welcomed for once.
6. For Christmas, you and a group of friends are going to do Secret Santa; you end up with someone who you’re not that close with. What do you do?
a. You get them stuff from the dollar store and hope they’ll like it.
b. You get them a popular YouTuber’s merch that you’ve heard them talk about before.
c. You get them a cool new pencil case and some homemade cookies, obviously your gift is the best.
d. You go to the store, get the first thing you see, and pray they’ll like it.
e. You put a lot of time and effort into getting them a good present.
f. You spend a week making them the perfect homemade gift.
7. You have a big test tomorrow and you aren’t prepared. What do you do?
a. You try to study but you have a breakdown and end up just scrolling through Instagram.
b.You make a groupchat with all your friends in that class and help each other study.
c. You use all your spare time for studying and making flashcards.
d. You decide to study when you get home, but you just end up binging your favorite show. The next day, you plan to cheat and hope you don’t get caught.
e. You and a friend quiz each other until you both feel ready.
f. You make up a catchy song to help you remember everything and you sing it until it’s stuck in your head.
Mostly A’s: You are salted caramel. You are very kind but like to sugarcoat everything, people don’t trust you as much because at times you are fake.
Mostly B’s: You are chocolate. You are loyal, people can trust you with their secrets. But, you also act very basic and follow every trend, no matter how ridiculous.
Mostly C’s: You are butter pecan. You put a lot of effort into your grades and education. This sometimes gets to your head, and people often get annoyed by your cockiness.
Mostly D’s: You are vanilla. Your habits are traditional, but your actions and reflexes are impulsive.
Mostly E’s: You are mint chip. You are very argumentative and won’t back down, but you are also strong willed and people can depend on you.
Mostly F’s: You are pistachio. You are by far the most unique and complex. You have your own way of doing things, and you always find a way to shake things up.
By Calianne Sok & Maya Wakabayashi
Bats are wonderful creatures, unique in their own ways. Their lifestyle is very interesting. Here are some facts and some information about bats. Enjoy!
What Do Bats Eat?
-70% of bats eat insects. Also there are fruit eating bats, nectar eating bats, and carnivorous bats that eat small mammals, such as lizards, frogs, and birds.
-There are also blood sucking vampire bats in South America.
How Many Types of Bats are There?
-There are about 900 species of bats, including the Old World Fruit bat, the Microbat, Indian Flying Fox, (the first image all the way at the top), the Megabat, Natalus, and many more!
-Some bat populations have numbers that go into millions, while other populations are very low.
-Giant flying foxes are a type of bat that live in Indonesia.
Where Do Bats Live?
-Bats can be found almost anywhere in the world except for really cold or really hot places.
-Bats make their homes in caves, tree cavities, crevices, and buildings.
-Some species of bats are solitary while others have colonies with up to more than 1,000,000 bats.
-For most bats to survive during the winter, some species migrate, some hibernate, and some go into torpor, which is a state of physical of mental inactivity or lethargy.
What are Bat’s Special Powers?
-Bats have a very good sense of hearing; they hear sounds from sound waves bouncing off of other objects to see how far or close they are, which they can do in a split second. It is also known as echolocation.
Here are Some Interesting Facts...
-The Palaeochiropteryx (pal-ee-oh-ky-rop-ter-iks) is one of the oldest bats known. It is sadly now extinct. (There is an image of the skeleton on the left)
-Bats are the only mammal that can actually fly.
-A group of bats is called a colony.
-For the size that bats are, they are the slowest reproducing mammals on the planet.
Try to do this whole quiz without looking at the text! Also they are not in order of the text.
(The answers are at the bottom.)
The Giannini Beacon Gazette is a news site created by the Journalism Club students of A.P. Giannini Middle School and sponsored by Sunset Neighborhood Beacon Center (SNBC).