A news website produced by students of A.P. Giannini Middle School
A news website produced by students of A.P. Giannini Middle School
BATTLES OF 1776-1778: PART 3
BATTLE OF CHARLESTON
The battle of Charleston took place on June 28, 1776 and was a short but important battle. The British attempted the siege of Charleston as a part of an overall strategy to use the major ports of Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina as bases to rally American Loyalists to defeat the Rebellion in the Southern Colonies. A small American force defending Charleston under the command of General Charles Lee successfully repelled a combined British assault force of 2,900 soldiers and seamen under Major General Sir Henry Clinton and Commodore Peter Parker.
BATTLE OF TRENTON
The Battle of Trenton took place on December 26, 1776. George Washington made a plan for the colonists to cross the Delaware river from the 25th-26th of December to gather around the Harrison garrison. The guards had been caught off guard after thinking the Americans were gone because it was Christmas, and the Americans claimed their victory.
BATTLES OF SARATOGA
There were two battles of Saratoga in the Revolutionary War. One took place on September 19, 1777. This Battle was the Freeman’s Farm battle
which ended in the British victory. The other battle was at Bemis Heights and ended in an American victory, because the British had surrendered.
BATTLE OF RHODE ISLAND
The battle of Rhode Island took place on August 29, 1778. The American and French armies combined forces to try to recapture Newport, RI. Charles Henri Hector d'Estaing, the French general commanding at that time and his men withdrew from the operation due to damage sustained by a storm at sea and left the Americans alone to fight the British. John Sullivan, a delegate in the Continental Congress, and the American fleet fought a successful defensive battle on August 29 before his men departed the island which left the British in victory.
By Maya Wakabayashi and Zoe Avent
Food keeps you alive. You may not notice it but food is a big part of the human community. Asia has many unique food choices in different countries. Here are some of the most interesting foods from Asia. Also beware, you may be very grossed out and or surprised at what people eat.
Tuna eyeballs are a unique food in that they are often counted as gross from just looking at them. Many people say this dish tastes like squid.
Thailand-Jing Leed (Cricket)
In Thailand, Jing Leed is one of the most common insect snacks. It is usually seasoned and fried with Thai seasonings and sauces. They are about 1.25 inches to 1.5 inches long.
The fried spider is a delicacy in Cambodia. In fact, the fried spider is a very popular sight for tourists. Many people say the fried spider tastes like fried chicken. Does that make you feel better?
The Beondegi is a popular South Korean street food that is made with the silkworm pupae. It is usually served in paper cups with a toothpick and can also be found in Korean grocery stores sold in a can.
Southeast Asia-Frog Legs
Look closely. What do you see? Chicken wings or frog legs? Well let me tell you these are in fact frog legs. Either fried, grilled, stewed or baked these frog legs are a delicacy in some places including Southeast Asia and China.
China and Korea-Dogs
Dogs are very self explanatory. I know that if you have a dog as a pet, you may be extremely offended. I personally have a dog and just wanted to say that they are not eaten in the USA but they are eaten in China.
This dish is made by boiling a developing bird alive in it’s own shell. I have to say that this is a very rare thing to do and in my own opinion, this would not be on my list of favorite food list.
The Cobra that is about to be eaten is still alive at first but then, the Cobra is opened and the heart is scooped out and placed in a shot glass filled with the Cobra’s own blood. Sad and gross.
Laos-Ant Egg Soup
This dish originated in Laos which is pretty close to Cambodia and Thailand. It is known as one of the world’s weirdest soups. It is a mix of ant heads, snakehead fish, tomatoes and some garnish.
Mongolia-Fermented Horse Milk
This Mongolian drink is a very odd type of
milk. It is made from a Mare’s milk (mother horse) that is fermented (cooked) into a fizzy slightly alcoholic liquid then is poured back into the main container.
By: Lauren Lew
Strawberries are very interesting fruit. One moment you may think you know about strawberries, but how well do we really know them? In this article, you will learn about so many different types of strawberries, and facts. Strawberries are so unique so I was intrigued to learn more!
Types of Strawberries: There are 7 types
BATTLES IN 1775: PART 2
BATTLE OF LEXINGTON AND CONCORD
The Battle of Lexington and Concord took place on April 19, 1775 and started the American Revolutionary War. On the night before the battles, hundreds of British soldiers marched from Boston to Concord. Paul Revere and other riders rode at night warning people that the British were coming, saying, “The regulars are coming!”
At dawn on April 19, 1775 about 700 British troops arrived in Lexington and one of them shouted, “Throw down your arms! Ye villains, ye rebels.” A shot rang out, no one knew which side shot first, so both sides started shooting at each other. The British continued into Concord looking for more troops and burned what little they found, but the fire got out of control. The soldiers on America’s side thought that the fire would burn the whole town, so they hurried to Concord’s North Bridge, but it was blocked by British soldiers. They started shooting and the British fell back. The British retreated back to Boston and the Americans won their first battle.
BATTLE OF FORT TICONDEROGA
The Battle of Fort Ticonderoga happened on May 10, 1775 and was made possible by the Green Mountain Boys, a small military force that was established in the late 1760s. The Green Mountain Boys were led by Ethan Allen and Colonel Benedict Arnold, and together they captured a British garrison. It doesn’t seem like a big event, but it had a fairly large impact. This action prevented communication between different parts of the British Army. It also gave the Continental Army the higher ground that helped them in the invasion of Quebec later on in the year.
BATTLE OF BUNKER HILL
The Battle of Bunker Hill took place on June 17, 1775, while the Revolutionary War had just begun. The colonists had learned that the British were planning to attack them to gain access to Boston Harbor, so they hatched a plan to occupy Bunker Hill and Breed’s Hill, making sure they could build a redoubt to fight back. Unfortunately, though, the British made a series of attacks, and the colonists had run out of ammunition by the third attack, leaving the British in victory.
BATTLE OF QUEBEC
The Battle of Quebec took place on December 31, 1775. This changed a lot and impacted a large amount of the war. They had lost more than 400 men because they were taken prisoner, their general Richard Montgomery was killed, and Benedict Arnold was wounded. After this battle, the British had gotten their victory, and the Americans stopped attacking and planning operations in Canada, making a lasting impact in the war.
By Martin Lew
Supercell, a game creator, added a new amazing action-packed game called Brawl Stars. It officially launched globally on December 12th, 2018. A lot of Supercell’s games that come out are ”killed”. So far, only some games like Clash of Clan, Boom Beach, Hay Day, and Clash Royale have survived to this point. Now Brawl Stars will be joining them in surviving. Many people thought that they might kill the game when it soft launched only in Canada on June 14th 2018.
I think the big update really helped the game have more people playing it. The game now has more room on the map and it looks cooler because it is 3D. The maps are now 4 tiles wider. They also created some new game modes, like Life Leech, to make the game more fun. They also added some more sound effects to some of the Brawlers. They also added some more skins to the game for Shelly, Bull, Nita, Brock, Dynamike, Barley and Penny. They changed some of the character skins to look cooler and make them 3D like Bandita Shelly, Panda Nita, Viking Bull, Golden Barley, and Beach Brock.
There were also some balance changes that happened with the update. The saddest part is what happened to Darryl, a character in Brawl Star. He got a health and damage debuff during the new update. His super, or special move, is his rolling ability and it was shortened as well, so on some heist maps, he can barely roll over the river. Gladly, he is the only character that can charge their super automatically over 20 seconds into the game. This update might help Bull because Darryl used to be better than Bull, but now Darryl isn’t a “tank”.
It was super cool that they added Leon in the game. He is a new legendary in the game along with Crow and Spike. He shoots four leaf blades in an arc with medium range that do more damage when he is closer to the opponent. His super can make him go invisible for 10 seconds, but he is exposed when he does/takes damage. The new balance changes might have “overkilled” him so when he goes in a 4 tile range of the player, he is exposed automatically and there will be an eye icon to show he is visible. Still, he is the most powerful Brawler in the game and he is good or okay at all of the game modes.
Also, there will be a new mythic Brawler, Gene. He is a new Brawler that does 1400 damage. His super launches a magical hand from his lamp that pulls enemies toward him. They will be releasing him in mid-February along with other new skins for Brock, Colt, Darryl, Bull, Poco,and more.
Here are some game modes you can play in: Showdown is a game mode where you and nine other Brawlers will brawl until one Brawler remains. There is poison gas that will keep shrinking the map until there is one Brawler left. In Gem Grab, you and your team will fight another team in a 3v3 to get 10 gem to win. In Heist, you have to defeat the other team’s safe. In Brawl Ball, you have to score 2 times in the enemy’s goal to win. Bounty is where you kill players and get a star. The more stars you have, the more valuable you are to the other team. Boss fight is 1v5 which the boss has 100,000 health points and up. You have to kill the boss in a certain amount of time to win. In Robo Rumble, you try to survive and kill bots. Life Leech is a game mode where your health ticks down while killing players and get a skull. The skull gives max health so you can keep on playing. Watch out for Gene in the upcoming update!
You might be wondering why we chose to write about Greenland and New Zealand. Well, first, we brainstormed. We searched up pictures of interesting places. We came across an article that showed us fairytale-like places. The best ones were Greenland and New Zealand, and from that, this amazing article was born.
The capital of New Zealand is Wellington
This is the history of the name “New Zealand”: Abel Tasman and his crew sailed to the islands in 1642. He called it Staten Landt, after the States General of the Netherlands. In 1645, Dutch cartographers changed the name to “Nova Zeelandia” (Latin) from “Nieuw Zeeland”, after the Dutch province of Zeeland. Then, the name was englished (a synonym for “anglicised”) to “New Zealand” by British captain James Cook more than 100 years after Abel Tasman originally traveled there.
By Ishaan Bhattacharya
Welcome back to the Giannini Politics Update. Today we will be discussing the passage of a renewable energy bill in New Mexico.
Recently the New Mexico House of Representatives passed The Energy Transition Act on March 11th, 2019, forwarding the carbon-free electricity bill to Governor Michelle Lujan Grisham. The Governor has endorsed the ETA and has supported the share of renewable energy a multitude of times. Once signed, the legislature will ensure the state to attain zero-carbon electricity from public utilities by 2045. The bill also ensures temporary renewable energy targets of 50 percent by 2030 and 80 percent by 2040. California, as well as Washington D.C. and Hawaii have already committed to eradicate carbon emissions from their grids.
HOW IT STARTED
The American Revolutionary War plays a very important part in the United States’ history. The Revolution started when the king of England was taxing the Americans greatly, and the people of the colonies thought that it was unfair. People were smuggling molasses, food, tea, and paper to North America illegally. When King George III found out they had rebelled, he knew that they had no form of defenses-- except for themselves. The King’s soldiers took away all the colonists’ weapons.
He then made the Stamp Act, which meant that everything that they were smuggling required stamps to be considered valid. Since he could not tax them directly anymore, he decided that to get money from them, they would raise the taxes of the resources they were taking from England. They were protesting and demanding for England to stop. Due to the heavy taxes and the Stamp Act, the colonists living in America declared war on England/Britain.
DAILY LIFE BEFORE THE WAR
With all the grief King George III had been giving the colonists, they definitely had a hard time living in the thirteen colonies. King George III raised taxes in the colonies and took away all the colonists weapons to ensure that they don’t rebel. The colonists believed that there was a way to stop the British and to have a home where freedom didn’t have to be earned.
It wasn’t as easy as it sounded, though. The British soldiers (which the colonists called lobsterbacks) were sent from King George III to patrol the streets. They took all of the colonists weapons, so they wouldn’t rebel against King George III.
BOSTON TEA PARTY
The Boston Tea Party took place on December 16, 1773 on a ship in the Boston Harbor. The Sons of Liberty, a secret organization, disguised themselves as Indians by painting their faces. They snuck onto the ship and dumped every crate of tea into the harbor. They did this to say to the king that they didn’t approve of heavy taxes in the colonies.
By Ishaan Bhattacharya
Welcome back to the Giannini Politics update. Today, we will be discussing President Donald Trump’s recent national emergency declaration.
In a controversial act of defiance, President Trump declared a national emergency at the southern border on February 15th. A national emergency is a nationwide crisis or a situation where circumstances threaten the country and call for an immediate response. After Congress’s rejection of his proposed $5.7 bn to fund his planned southern border wall, Trump announced the national emergency. The national emergency would enable the President to avoid the firm veto of Democratic Congressional leaders, and use the Department of Defense funds to construct the wall. Soon after his abrupt proclamation, sixteen states filed a lawsuit objecting Trump’s national emergency declaration. However, Trump’s national emergency was yet to be approved by the U.S. House of Representatives. The House voted to rescind Trump’s declaration on February 26th. The result of disapproval, which passed 245 to 182, must now be taken up by the Senate, where three Republicans have already declared their support, only one short of the number needed for Congress to renounce Trump’s desperate effort. Although it is highly unlikely that opponents will collect the votes required to overtake the affirmed Democratic refusal, Republicans who support the Border Wall will likely give their best effort to ensure it.
By Eva Ciobanu
Waste is a problem, and has been for a long time. Most people don’t think about the impact of littering, not composting, and using plastic when they do these things, but it’s important to inform people so that we can change our ways.
Composting reduces carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases.Landfill waste produces a lot of carbon dioxide and methane Recycling does make some pollution, but it reduces more landfill waste, which causes the most pollution.
Even though these figures are from a 2011 study, it’s crazy to think about how much waste we as a nation produce each day.
If you’re about to throw something away, think about how long it might remain on this Earth before it’s fully decomposed. For example: a paper towel, 2-4 weeks; a cotton shirt, 2-5 months; cigarette filler, 1-5 years; a plastic bag, 10-20 years; plastic foam, 50 years. Those seem like short amounts of time, but there are more things that take so long to decompose, they’ll outlive you, such as: an aluminum can, 80-200 years; disposable diaper, 450 years; and a glass bottle, 1 Million years.
Some of these things can be recycled, and turned into something else such as cardboard boxes, bike parts, even your cat’s litter. This does produce some level of pollution, but creating these things produces more pollution, and leaving them in the landfill is the worst thing you could do.
So if you have a compost bin, please use it. Composting is an essential part of our ecosystem and future. What can be reused is sent to a composting plant and turned into soil for your garden.
In The Los Angeles Times, an article called “The world's trash crisis, and why many Americans are oblivious” states how a program called WasteZero promotes waste reduction by charging a set fee in cash for every bag that is brought to one of the drop-off locations. “The program has resulted in an average waste reduction of 44% and often doubles recycling rates, according to WasteZero’s statistics,” (2019 LA Times). Even though the recycling, compost, and garbage is treated the same as other waste plants -most is reused and the rest is sent to a landfill- WasteZero encourages others to get involved in helping solve the trash crisis.
In conclusion, use your compost and recycling bins, reduce plastics usage by using paper bags, reusable straws, etc; and lastly, keep yourself up to date, make sure you know what’s happening at your trash dump. Don’t let it go, there is a crisis, and we need to do something about it before it’s too late.
The Giannini Beacon Gazette is a news site created by the Journalism Club students of A.P. Giannini Middle School and sponsored by Sunset Neighborhood Beacon Center (SNBC).